Pyridoxine hydrochloride, commonly known as vitamin B6, is a dietary supplement that is soluble in water. It also occurs naturally in some foods. It is used in the treatment of pyridoxine deficiencies that are caused by drug use, metabolism problems or a poor diet. By taking the supplement, there are mild side effects that result and one should always consult a health physician before using the supplement.
Sources of pyridoxine hydrochloride
It is found in supplements and natural foods. Such foods include bananas, tuna, chicken, salmon, red snapper, cod, calf’s liver, halibut and liver. This is according to World’s Healthiest foods.
Functions in the body
Pyridoxine hydrochloride plays an important role in the production of serotonin and norepinephrine which are brain chemicals. It is also the building block of myelin. Myelin is the material that insulates the nerves in the body.
Deficiency of pyridoxine hydrochloride
Its deficiency in the body affects the blood cells, skin, nerves and the mucous membrane. The deficiency of vitamin B6 is common in patients suffering from cirrhosis, alcoholism, congestive heart failure and hypothyroidism. It also occurs in patients with adverse digestive problems that affect the absorption of nutrients in the body.
The side effects
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is known to have several mild side effects on those taking it in excess quantities. While it is safe for adults to take up to 200mg of pyridoxine hydrochloride each day in the foods or supplements, taking more than this quantity for a long time results to damage of the nervous system. The mild effects that can be witnessed as a result of this are many. They include drowsiness, numbness, poor circulation, loss of coordination, low levels of serum folic acid and photosensitivity. If it is taken as an injectable supplement, the injected site suffers irritation. These side effects end once you stop taking the supplement but some of the symptoms may remain for up to six months.
Who is at risk?
Pregnant or nursing mothers along with children are at a higher risk of suffering from the effects of pyridoxine hydrochloride than other population groups. Such mothers should seek the advice of a doctor before embarking on a pyridoxine hydrochloride regimen. Breastfeeding mothers may experience lactating problems while the pregnant ones may develop a neonatal dependency on the supplement. Children should avoid taking more than the required quantity of less than 80mg per day as they are more susceptible to its side effects.
Other uses of pyridoxine hydrochloride
It is also used to treat some symptoms not listed as its uses such as premenstrual symptoms, pesticide poisoning, acne, asthma, morning sickness along with some other mild symptoms.
How does it work?
In the body, Vitamin B6 is converted in the red blood cells into phosphates. The phosphates assist metabolic functions such as the processing of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates in the body by acting as coenzymes. It is absorbed through the intestines and into the bloodstream save for those people who suffer from malabsorption. It is then stored in the muscles, liver and the brain. The excess quantities are excreted through the urine.