Zoloft (sertraline chloride) is an antidepressant drug developed and made in 1990 by Phizer. This originates from a class of antidepressant known as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs acts in controlling the level of serotonin in the brain, which is a neurotransmitter that affects the sleep, learning and mood of a person. SSRIs is use to manage depression and other mental illness since 1980s. Now, in the US market, this has the most usual prescribed type antidepressant medication since they only have fewer side effects among others. Let us now see the Zoloft fact sheet.
Uses of Zoloft
Zoloft is use primarily to treat MDD or Major Depressive Disorders. But, some doctors prescribed this to patients experiencing PTSD or Post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), panic and social anxiety disorder.
Common Side Effects
Side effects most patients tolerate in taking Zoloft, which is effective for the treatment of depression or other kinds of mental disorders. Side effects differ in severity. Compared to first-generation antidepressants, common side effects of Zoloft are milder. But, pregnant women and children aren’t allowed to take this drug since it can cause severe congenital defects as well as withdrawal symptom of the baby following birth. Below is the list of Zoloft’s common side effects that usually happen after the first or second week of consumption.
- Weight loss or gain
- Sleepiness or insomnia
- Dry mouth
- Increased sweating (Diaphoresis)
- Sexual Dysfunction
- Suicidal Thoughts
Some Precautions in Taking Zoloft
Those individuals having liver or kidney disorder, have history of seizure, mania or those who are suicidal should consult their doctor first prior to taking Zoloft. Moreover, Zoloft can cause drug-to-drug interaction.
In stopping the treatment of taking Zoloft, tapering its dose should be done gradually. Or else, withdrawal symptoms like of nauseas, vomiting, irritability, dizziness, headache and nightmares can be experienced. So before any action is made, it’s best that you will ask your doctor’s advice.